Investigative shows are usually dramas of one sort or another, but truTV’s Adam Ruins Everything is best described as investigative comedy. Hosted by CollegeHumor’s Adam Conover, the half-hour show examines popular misconceptions and trends, debunking some things while offering in-depth explanations of others.

The show’s narrative is supported by distinctive visual effects that run the gamut from funny to heartbreaking. Los Angeles-based Patrick Longstreth became the show’s VFX supervisor once it was picked up after the pilot. Relying primarily on Cinema 4D, Maya and After Effects, he and his team of five artists have so far finished 26 episodes, and they are currently working on 16 more.

This 3D animation helped illustrate issues with the proposed border wall on Adam Ruins Everything.

I asked Patrick to explain how the team goes about creating custom effects, animations and graphics packages for each show. Here’s what he said:

How did VFX become such a big part of Adam Ruins Everything?

Patrick Longstreth:

The pilot had a lot of visual effects, so that sort of set the standard for the show. Our work starts when Adam and the writers finish the scripts, and then everyone involved in production—directors, producers and department heads—sits down together and goes through each episode page by page. I'm very fortunate to be included from the beginning, and it’s an opportunity to offer solutions and put my own creative spin on things. The process of breaking everything down with the directors has led to more opportunities for VFX that complement the story. We talk about things like the best way to make Adam magically emerge from a toilet, or whether it’s better to have a building explode or implode.

What’s your pre-visualization process?

Longstreth: For scenes where we do a heavy amount of VFX, I start early by storyboarding and pre-visualizing an animatic. I use Cinema 4D for that and what I create can be pretty awkward and goofy, but it works. For example, in the episode where Adam explains voting, the set is meant to look like CNN election night. We built a rough version in C4D, and then the director and an actor read through the script. Six minutes is pretty long for a green-screen scene, but I went through and laid out all the camera angles and timing with rough graphics on top to see the pace and composition. Shooting was easy because we already had a six-minute animatic of the scene. 

Patrick Longstreth and his team created a 360-degree environment for a scene with multiple moving camera angles.

What are some of the more advanced animations or effects you’ve done for the show?

Longstreth: I really like what we did for Adam Ruins Shopping Malls. He talks about how malls got started and exposes misconceptions about nutritional supplements, eyeglasses and outlet stores. For the final mall implosion, Adam says “Malls are dying!” and the mall starts to collapse in the background. We filmed Adam and Emily with a green screen behind them, and we projected footage of the actual mall onto fractured geometry in Cinema 4D. The new Voronoi Fracture tool was used to create random cracks and separations, which was so much better than doing it manually. “The Mall” signage was modeled with MoText and then destroyed with rigid body dynamics. We composited stock footage of smoke and dust for the finishing touches.

The new Voronoi Fracture tool in C4D allows for dynamic animation with procedurally fractured geometry.

How did you create the scene with the oversized vitamin supplements for the mall episode?

Longstreth: That’s where Adam is talking about health stores and unregulated supplements. He holds up a large pill, opens it up, and pulls a whole variety of wacky things out of it. The pill in Adam’s hand was practical, so the CG pills had to match the shape, color and lighting. To make the pills match the movement of Adam and his guest, we used dynamics in C4D. The pills have rigid body tags and we animated collider objects to push the pills around.   

Live-action footage was referenced inside Cinema 4D to help with timing and animation.

Describe how you make the show’s infographics? It seems like there are a lot of them?

Longstreth: The show does have a lot of infographics. Adam likes to back up all of his theories and explanations with stats and sources, so we’re often superimposing big numbers and graphs over footage or creating full-screen infographics. We did an infographic for Adam Ruins Football about brain injuries. 

Infographics are used frequently to illustrate Adam’s points and theories.

The animation represents how a helmet protects the skull, but the brain still moves around inside the skull. We took a stock 3D model of a football player and combined it with a rigged skeleton in C4D. When the football players collide, we used the jiggle deformer to make the brain shake and wobble. To create the final X-ray look we used the default lighting in C4D and then inverted it in After Effects.

Many episodes include a show within a show, which requires a full custom graphics package.

How do you approach photoreal CG elements?

We include a variety of CG elements that are sometimes obvious, and other times invisible. One of my favorite shots was the border wall. The script called for a wall to erupt from the ground and tear through a house. That was a bit much for our timeline, so we settled on a static shot of the house after it had been torn in two. We used Maya for the 3D, mainly because our lead VFX artist Mike Cisneros is really fast with modeling, texturing and lighting in Maya. He started with a few stock models of houses and debris, and then he modeled the appropriate Spanish tile roofing and other details. The textures are mostly image-based. I took chrome ball and gray ball photos on set along with reference photos. Mike used image-based lighting and a few extra lights to render with mental ray. It was a fairly basic CG process, but it turned out pretty nice.

CG elements and still photography are often used for set extensions that enhance the story.

Are you exploring any new ways to create VFX for the new season?

Yes. Absolutely. The writers and directors are always pushing us into uncharted territory. So far, we’ve had discussions about a doppelganger Adam, paintings exploding into money and a parody weight-loss competition reality show.

I used to get freaked out when they would come to me with a wild idea, but now we’ve grown to a point where I feel like we can create just about anything. Our VFX team has a broad range of skills from 2D animation and design to 3D effects and compositing. Each one of them has a great attitude and loves a challenge.

We’re also supported by stellar people in the art department, camera, editing and everywhere else. It’s a really fun place to work and I’m extremely grateful for everyone I’ve had the opportunity to meet and collaborate with. One day we’re making a building explode and the next we’re flying through cyberspace. It’s basically my dream job.

Meleah Maynard is a writer and editor in Minneapolis, Minnesota.